EMS

The 18 Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS) are categorized into five sections:

I.  Disconnection or Rejection

1. Abandonment/Instability

2. Mistrust/Abuse

3. Emotional Deprivation

4. Defectiveness/Shame

5. Social Isolation/Alienation

II.  Impaired Autonomy or Performance

6. Dependence/Incompetence

7. Vulnerability to Harm or Illness

8. Enmeshment/Undeveloped Self

9. Failure

III. Impaired Limits

10. Entitlement/Grandiosity

11. Insufficient Self-Control and/or Self-Discipline

IV.  Other-Directedness

12. Subjugation

13. Self-Sacrifice

14. Approval-Seeking/Recognition-Seeking

V. Over vigilance and inhibition

15. Negativity/Pessimism

16. Emotional Inhibition

17. Unrelenting Standards & Hypercriticalness

18. Punitiveness